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Black and White Ruffed Lemur

World of Lemurs (Prosimians)

The Lemurs of Madagascar are one of the most critically endangered and one of the oldest species on Earth.  This WORLD currently features three species/subspecies of Lemurs.

Common Name:        Black and White Ruffed Lemur

Genus/Species:         Varecia variegata variegata


The island of Madagascar.  A population of black-and-white ruffed lemurs was introduced and continues to reside on the small island of Nosy Mangebe.

Natural Habitat:

The black-and-white ruffed lemur dwells mainly in the eastern rainforest of Madagascar. They are separated from the red ruffed lemur population by the Antainambalana River. The ruffed (both red and black-and-white) lemurs are tree dwellers and are the most arboreal of the true lemurs.

Physical Appearance:

Physical appearance may slightly vary depending on geographic area. Black-and-white ruffed lemurs are among the larger of the true lemurs, weighing between 8 and 12 pounds. They have a long bushy tail, a neck ruff or mane, a fox-like muzzle and thick fur.


Black-and-white ruffed lemurs can give birth to up to 5 young. They breed seasonally, and gestation is just 102 days. The female does not carry her infants but rather builds a nest where she stays with them for almost two weeks. If the female needs to move the infants, she does so by carrying them in her mouth.

STATUS in Natural Habitat:


Cool Fact:

Field studies suggest that black-and-white ruffed lemurs, like red ruffed lemurs, may be found in monogamous pairs or in loosely organized groups. Individuals scattered about the dense forest communicate through loud booming calls. 


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