of Reindeer (Ungulates)
Reindeer are one of the most unique of all hoofed animals. This WORLD features the largest Zoo
herd of Siberian Reindeer in the Country.
Common Name: Siberian
Genus/Species: Rangifer tarandus sibericus
From western Alaska through Canada to western Greenland, northern Europe and
Tundra, northern forests and mountain uplands
Physical appearance may slightly vary depending on geographic area. Bulls have enormous, many branched antlers, often with webs of bone
between the branches. Cows have smaller thinner antlers. Only member of the deer
family with no naked patch on muzzle, which is fur‑covered. Broad hooves help
them cross harsh terrain. The hooves act like snowshoes in deep snow and like
paddles in water. Sharp edges help reindeer get good footing
on rocky hillsides and on slick ice. With
the scoop‑shaped undersides of their hooves, they can dig through the snow to
Females usually bear one unspotted calf every spring,
after a gestation period of 210 ‑ 240
days. Calves stand on their feet a few after birth and develop quickly. By the
second day they follow their mother as she searches for food. They nurse often
at first, but after six months, eat only plants, as adults do.
STATUS in Natural Habitat:
The reindeer is the only species of deer in which both sexes have antlers.
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